Download Philosophy and Cognitive Science: Western & Eastern Studies by Lorenzo Magnani (auth.), Lorenzo Magnani, Ping Li (eds.) PDF

By Lorenzo Magnani (auth.), Lorenzo Magnani, Ping Li (eds.)

The e-book addresses a few contemporary subject matters on the crossroad of philosophy and cognitive technological know-how, making the most of either the western and the jap views and conceptions that emerged and have been mentioned on the PCS2011 convention lately held in Guangzhou. The ever turning out to be cultural alternate among lecturers and highbrow belonging to assorted cultures is reverberated by way of the juxtaposition of papers, which objective at investigating new features of an important difficulties in philosophy: the position of types in technology and the fictitious method; likelihood looking dynamics and the way affordances paintings; abductive cognition; visualization in technology; the cognitive constitution of medical theories; medical illustration; mathematical illustration in technology; model-based reasoning; analogical reasoning; ethical cognition; cognitive niches and evolution.

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It is for example the case of simple pendulum, where we know how to add corrections to deal with concrete phenomena. Idealizations distort or omit properties, instead abstractions introduce a specific kind of representation “that is not amenable to correction and is necessary for explation/prediction of the target system” (p. 112), and which provides information and transfer of knowledge. Morrison’s characterization of scientific models as abstract is in tune with my emphasis on models as constitutive, beyond the mere role played by models as idealizations, which instead allow corrections and refinements (cf.

Ed. ) Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo, pp. 231–280. : Galileo and the indispensability of scientific thought experiment. : Thought experiments rethought – and reperceived. : Explaining Science: a Cognitive Approach. : An agent-based conception of models and scientific representation. : Why scientific models should not be regarded as works of fiction. In: Su´arez, M. ) Fictions in Science. Philosophical Essays on Modeling and Idealization, pp. 248–258. : The strategy of model-based science.

3 The Problems for the Structural View of Models There are two main versions of the semantic view of theories that focus on a relation between models and their target systems. One is based on the concept of structure isomorphism, called “the structural view of models”; another relies upon the relationship of similarity. We will examine the structural view in this section and then return to the second version and other approaches to models in science in the following sections.

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