By D. A. Booth (Eds.)
This selection of stories attracts jointly present figuring out on neurophysiological ways to ingestive behaviour in mammals. The e-book introduces to non-specialists the neural approaches that mediate consuming and ingesting behaviour, concentrating on the 2 parts of analysis that jointly are the foremost to figuring out how the mind organizes ingestion and certainly the other kind of behaviour. at the one hand, the practical approaches in the mind can in simple terms be elucidated with the aid of info supplied through recording task of unmarried nerve cells. nonetheless, the behaviour equipped via interactions between neurones in terms of the surroundings can basically be understood through experimental research of the cognitive methods which remodel built-in sensory details into greater motor regulate. therefore, this ebook considers the association of ingestive acts and resultant nutritional choice and intakes during the senses of contact, style, scent, and sight and through the mechanical and chemical stimulation of the digestive tract and metabolic indications from the liver. the outlet and shutting chapters define constructing conceptions of the operation of the behavioural and neural structures as an entire in coordinating the influence of the interior and exterior environments on those varied sensory modalities into the usually refined functionality of eating applicable quantities of safe to eat and potable fabrics
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Extra resources for Neurophysiology of Ingestion
The structure of enteroceptors appears to be particularly simple as regards the modest number of terminal branches as well as the absence of any special accessory formations (Fig. 1 A). More complex structures have also been described in the digestive viscera. These include Pacinian corpuscles situated in the mesentery (Fig. 1B). Some differentiated enterocytes might play a role in the transduction of signals to nerve terminals running close to the epithelium (Fig. 1C; Newson et al, 1982). Alternatively, the nerve terminals surround enteric neurones that might act as accessory cells (Fig.
Through mechanisms for detoxification, clear ance, hormone inactivation and storage of metabolic intermediaries, the liver is able to adjust the composition of the blood in response to the changing demands of the internal environment. It performs this function with great effectiveness in relation both to short-term requirements (adaptation to fed and fasting states) and also in response to long-term changes in environment (such as periods of rapid growth or of impoverished dietary input). In view of the ability of the liver to respond as a metabolic sensor, it has been supposed that it was also a sensate structure.
1969). Untersuchungen uber mechanismen der osmo- und volumeregulation. II. Untersuchungen uber den einfluss intravenos, intraportal und oral zuge-fuhrter hypotoner kochsalzlosung und die diurese des hundes. Z. Gesamte Exp. , 149,193-210. Niijima, A. (1969). Afferent impulse discharges from glucoreceptors in the liver of the guinea pig. New York Academy of Sciences, 157, 690-700. Niijima, A. (1983). Glucose-sensitive afferent nerve fibers in the liver and their role in food intake and blood glucose regulation.