By Jon Butterworth
"A brilliant account of what the method of discovery was once rather like for an insider."—Peter Higgs
The discovery of the Higgs boson has introduced us a huge step in the direction of realizing the cloth of our universe. yet prior to the Higgs was once chanced on, its life was once hotly debated—and just a multi-billion-dollar computing device may well get to the bottom of the numerous vying theories in this basic query: Why perform a little debris have mass?
In this primary insider account of the brilliant inaugural experiments on the huge Hadron Collider, physicist Jon Butterworth captures a second in contrast to the other within the annals of science—when the whole box of particle physics hinged on a unmarried thought, and one scan might turn out or disprove the life's paintings of the world's such a lot esteemed theoretical physicists. so much sought after Particle deftly chronicles how scientists "replayed" the massive Bang by means of smashing subatomic debris at unthinkable speeds—and explains why, after our first glimpse of the Higgs, physics is not really an identical.
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Additional resources for Most Wanted Particle: The Inside Story of the Hunt for the Higgs, the Heart of the Future of Physics
The ‘no lose’ theorem came from this calculation. Some of those scattering possibilities include a Higgs boson, and at the time there was no direct evidence for such a beast. 5 At some point you get nonsense answers involving probabilities bigger than one, or infinities. That is just a sign that your theory is broken – there won’t be infinities in nature – but what it meant was that either a Higgs boson would be discovered at the LHC, or some other new physics would come into play and keep the calculation sane.
They are always confined inside color-neutral hadrons of one kind or another, due to another peculiarity of the strong force. Most of the fundamental forces get weaker with distance – the attractive force between a positive and a negative electric charge, for example, is weaker the further away from each other the charges are (it falls off as the inverse of the separation squared – 1/r 2). But the strong nuclear force is different. The force between two quarks actually gets stronger as you pull them apart.
But without actual experimental results it all begins to feel a bit self-referential. We did now have better software tools, some of which had been improved using information gleaned from the few ‘beam splash’ events we had recorded before the LHC broke down, and also by studying cosmicray data taken with the full ATLAS detector. 13 And, very specifically, Adam and I could do some more work on our fancy boosted Higgs analysis. 3; now may be a good time to expand on it. The Colliding Particles films I mentioned, made by Mike Paterson and featuring Gavin, Adam, me and a cast of dozens, were popular with teachers.