By John French
John French first took up flying in 1937 with the collage of London Air Squadron and in 1938 joined the Royal Air strength Volunteer Reserve. His early struggle years have been spent educating newly recruited RAF pilots on Airspeed Oxfords and Avro Ansons. whilst the top of this posting got here via he was once exact to 210 Squadron at Sullom Voe within the Shetlands to fly the Catalina flying boat. In November 1942 the squadron was once ordered south to hitch 202 Squadron at Gibraltar.
Here they flew sorties in aid of the North African landings – Operation Torch. those have been long flights out into the Atlantic ways to Gibraltar or Eastwards into the Mediterranean. He flew fifteen sorties during this brief interval prior to returning to Pembroke Dock. He used to be then urged to report back to Felixstowe to assemble Catalina IB FP 222 and to ferry it as much as his new base Sullom Voe.
From this northern base the flying boats flew thirty hour patrols out into the Northern Atlantic trying to find enemy ships and U-boats. On eight September he used to be ordered to execute a longer seek of the Norwegian coast the place it used to be suggestion that the Tirpitz and Scharnhorst have been looking look after. Having unsuccessfully searched the full sea coast at low-level they eventually touched down at the Kola Inlet after a flight of over twenty-two hours.
As February 1944 got here in the direction of its finish he used to be special to hide a Russian convoy, JW57, a ways as much as the north of the Arctic Circle. almost immediately sooner than his ETA with the convoy they bought a radar go back. They dropped down lower than the cloud to discover a coarse indignant sea and noticed the wake of a boat. besides the fact that this was once now not a boat yet a surfaced U-boat. As they flew into assault they met a hail of 37mm and machine-gun fireplace John dropped to assault point and got here in from the strict losing intensity fees. therefore got here the loss of life of U-601.
On 18 July 1944 a Liberator of 86 Squadron used to be set
on fireplace in the course of an assault on a U-boat and used to be pressured to
ditch a few a hundred miles west of the Loften Islands. Eight
members of the group took to their dinghies. A Catalina
was sent on a seek and rescue challenge the
following day yet did not locate the sufferers. although on
20 July they have been resighted. A volunteer group was
hastily shaped and took off at 0130 at the twenty first. Some
excellent navigation introduced the survivors into view at
ETA. John determined to try a sea touchdown to influence the
rescue. He got here in low, into wind and around the swell
at sixty five knots. His group quickly had the stranded airman
aboard, a bit bedraggled after their sixty-two hour
ordeal. They landed again at Sullom at 1410.
After the warfare John stayed within the RAF and spent a lot of
his time in the back of the Iron Curtain.
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Extra resources for Catalina over Arctic Oceans: Anti-Submarine and Rescue Flying in World War II
2%). 9%. 9%, respectively), suggesting that war zone service is sufficient to elevate rates of PTSD, regardless of whether one is involved in direct combat operations (women primarily served in support roles such as nursing). 8% vs. 5% vs. 3%, vs. 4% vs. 8%). 1% vs. 4% vs. 9%). , 1992). , 1991). , 1992). Jordan and colleagues (1991) conducted an analysis of NVVRS data that included all psychiatric diagnoses except PTSD. Among male veterans with high war-zone stress exposure, 63% had at least one lifetime psychiatric diagnosis (of nine assessed, not including PTSD), compared to 45% with low to moderate stress exposure; and 30% had a least one current diagnosis, compared to 13% of those with low to moderate stress exposure); in addition, male veterans with high war-zone stress were likelier to meet lifetime criteria for most of the diagnoses assessed compared to those with low war-zone stress.
Military and veteran populations exposed to combat, with an emphasis on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide. Attention is given to factors related to the development and maintenance of these difficulties and evidence-based practices for the treatment of these disorders. We conclude with a brief discussion of barriers to treatment and innovative strategies to address these barriers. Historical and Contextual Perspective High-stress military operations such as wartime service can have debilitating psychological effects (Hyams, Wignall, & Roswell, 1996).
Military service members, and the VA sample reflects veterans seeking health care, probably overly representing veterans with mental health concerns. Nonetheless, similar to studies of non-separated military personnel, risk of mental health disorders among veterans was higher among members of the National Guard and Reserves and correlated with indicators of combat exposure, including being of enlisted rank (not an officer), a member of the Army (vs. other branches), and being deployed more than once.