By Mark D. J. Williams
Many nations in Sub-Saharan Africa see broadband ICT as a necessary a part of their long term fiscal improvement method. spine networks are the high-capacity networks that lie on the middle of communications platforms and make allowance the supply of the excessive volumes of knowledge wanted for broadband. What high-capacity spine networks that do exist within the quarter are usually restricted to significant city parts and a few inter-city routes. festival among spine networks is underdeveloped so the cost of companies is still excessive and caliber is usually negative. This trend of community improvement is the results of excessive expenses and regulatory regulations on community improvement. the place nations have totally liberalized their telecommunications markets and promoted infrastructure pageant, costs have fallen and caliber more suitable. spine community coverage should still concentrate on selling pageant, decreasing the price of community building and inspiring community improvement into at the moment underserved parts. pageant should be promoted through removal regulatory regulations akin to limits at the variety of licenses and constraints on kind of infrastructure and companies that licensees can provide. the price of spine community improvement might be lowered through the use of strength and delivery infrastructure and lowering criminal charges reminiscent of acquiring making plans permission.Stimulating spine community improvement past significant city parts should be completed via setting up public-private partnerships to inspire operators to construct networks into at the moment underserved parts.
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Extra info for Broadband for Africa: developing backbone communications networks
For example, in Nigeria, where there has been extensive fiber-optic cable network rollout, operators have entered into a variety of network-sharing agreements aimed at reducing costs and improving quality of supply. 2 Provision of Passive Infrastructure for Fiber Networks in Spain Under legislation passed in 2003, the government of Spain required the design and construction of new buildings to include common passive communications infrastructure such as ducting, building risers, and access points.
This scalability of wireless backbone networks makes them most suitable for the early stages of network development where demand is uncertain and there are significant technical and political risks. 6 Fiber-Optic Cable Network Cost Structure fiber-optic cable 6% hardware 2% installation 3% other services 9% activities 12% civil works 68% Source: OECD 2008. 19 BROADBAND FOR AFRICA wireless-based backbone networks than in fiber-optic networks, even if from an ex post point of view it would have been cheaper to use fiber.
The regulatory authority in Bahrain is now revisiting the legal and regulatory framework that provides competitors with access to Batelco’s infrastructure. 3). A second reason for caution lies in the concern that facilities sharing may help sustain collusive agreements between competing operators. This has been a major issue in Europe, where mobile operators seeking to share mobile infrastructure faced resistance from the European Commission (European Commission 2004). The European Court of First Instance (2006), however, subsequently ruled in favor of the operators.