By USMC (Ret.), Colonel Joseph H. Alexander
The second one conflict of Seoul was once the conflict to recapture Seoul from the North Koreans in overdue September 1950. the development on Seoul used to be sluggish and bloody, after the landings at Inchon. the explanation used to be the looks within the Seoul quarter of 2 firstclass combating devices of the North Korean People's military, the 78th self sufficient Infantry Regiment and twenty fifth Infantry Brigade, approximately 7,000 troops in all. The NKPA introduced a T-34 assault, which was once trapped and destroyed, and a Yak bombing run in Incheon harbor, which did little harm. The NKPA tried to stall the UN offensive to permit time to enhance Seoul and withdraw troops from the south. notwithstanding warned that the method of taking Seoul could let final NKPA forces within the south to flee, MacArthur felt that he was once certain to honor offers given to the South Korean govt to retake the capital once attainable. at the moment day, vessels wearing the U.S. Army's seventh Infantry department arrived in Incheon Harbor. normal Almond was once wanting to get the department into place to dam a potential enemy circulate from the south of Seoul. at the morning of September 18, the division's second Battalion of the thirty second Infantry Regiment landed at Incheon and the rest of the regiment went ashore later within the day. the subsequent morning, the 2d Battalion moved as much as relieve an U.S. Marine battalion occupying positions at the correct flank south of Seoul. in the meantime, the seventh Division's thirty first Infantry Regiment got here ashore at Incheon. accountability for the area south of Seoul road handed to seventh department at 18:00 on September 19. The seventh Infantry department then engaged in heavy scuffling with with North Korean squaddies at the outskirts of Seoul. ahead of the conflict, North Korea had only one understrength department within the urban, with the vast majority of its forces south of the capital. MacArthur in my opinion oversaw the first Marine Regiment because it fought via North Korean positions at the highway to Seoul. keep an eye on of Operation Chromite used to be then given to significant basic Edward Almond, the X Corps commander. basic Almond used to be in a massive hurry to seize Seoul via September 25, precisely 3 months of the North Korean attack around the thirty eighth parallel. On September 22, the Marines entered Seoul to discover it seriously fortified. Casualties fastened because the forces engaged in determined house-to-house scuffling with. frightened to pronounce the conquest of Seoul, Almond declared the town liberated on September 25 even though Marines have been nonetheless engaged in house-to-house strive against. This U.S. Marine Corps background presents certain information regarding an incredible point of the Korean warfare. topics coated during this heritage contain: the first Marine department; significant common Oliver P. Smith; Seoul/Wonsan crusade; aerial clinical evacuation; shut air help within the recapture of Seoul; marine strive against cars; Bushmaster; 1950 highway battling.
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Additional resources for Battle of the Barricades: U.S. Marines in the Recapture of Seoul (Marines in the Korean War Commemorative Series)
Other threats materialized. On the day following the Seoul ceremony, Chinese Premier Chou EnLai warned the world that his nation “will not supinely tolerate” the invasion of North Korea. Few people in the West took him seriously. In the meantime, Almond ordered Smith to seize and defend a series of blocking positions north of Seoul. The 5th Marines attacked northwest. ” The 7th Marines drew the short- 47 est straw, the division objective of Uijongbu, a vital road junction in the mountains 16 miles due north of Seoul.
P. Smith nervous. Isolated NKPA antiaircraft gunners still exacted a price against allied planes flying over the city’s northern suburbs, especially the slow flying observation aircraft of VMO6, which lost a single-engine OY and an HO3S-1 helicopter on the day of the ceremony. Smith positioned Lieutenant Colonel Taplett’s 3d Battalion, 5th Marines, on the hill overlooking the palace and Lieutenant Colonel Ridge’s 3d Battalion, 1st Marines, along the route to be taken by the dignitaries—out of sight, but loaded for bear.
McMullen’s Company I, the men who had spearheaded Lieutenant Colonel Taplett’s crossing of the Han back at Haengju and earned the praise of General Almond by their double envelopment of Hill 125, would again be in the spotlight on the 26th. Taplett assigned McMullen the mission of sweeping the eastern terminus of the huge lower spur of Hill 296 that extended very near the major intersection of the Kaesong-Seoul highway and Ma Po Boulevard. Ahead, less than a mile to the northeast lay Government House.