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By Raphael Lefevre

While the convulsions of the Arab Spring first grew to become happen in Syria in March 2011, the Ba'athist regime was once quickly in charge the protests at the "Syrian Muslim Brotherhood" and its "al-Qaeda affiliates." yet who're those Islamists so decided to rule a post-Assad Syria?

Little has been released on militant Islam in Syria considering that Hafez Assad's regime destroyed the Islamist flow in its stronghold of Hama in February 1982. This e-book bridges that hole by way of offering readers with the 1st accomplished account of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's heritage to date.

In this ground-breaking account of Syria's so much well known, but hugely secretive, Islamist employer, the writer attracts on formerly untapped assets: the memoirs of former Syrian jihadists; British and American documents; and in addition a sequence of wide-ranging interviews with the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's historic leaders in addition to those that battled opposed to them--many talking at the checklist for the 1st time. Ashes of Hama uncovers the most important features of the Islamist fight: from the Brotherhood's radicalisation and its "jihad" opposed to the Ba'athist regime and next exile, to a marvelous comeback on the leading edge of the Syrian revolution in 2011--a extraordinary turnaround for an Islamist flow which all analysts had said lifeless amid the ruins of Hama in 1982.

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Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria

Whilst the convulsions of the Arab Spring first grew to become show up in Syria in March 2011, the Ba'athist regime used to be speedy guilty the protests at the "Syrian Muslim Brotherhood" and its "al-Qaeda associates. " yet who're those Islamists so made up our minds to rule a post-Assad Syria? Little has been released on militant Islam in Syria considering that Hafez Assad's regime destroyed the Islamist flow in its stronghold of Hama in February 1982.

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Az-Zaim disbanded all political parties—including, in May 1949, the Ikhwan—and implemented a series of secularist reforms before he was ousted from power in August 1949 by Colonel Sami Hinnawi, who promised to restore civilian government and parliamentary democracy in Syria. Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in November 1949 in which the People’s Party made a strong showing. Radical parties such as the Ba’ath and the Ikhwan also scored some success—gaining one and three seats respectively.

It was the French control of local education that acted as the catalyst, 13 ASHES OF HAMA eventually enabling politico-religious jamiat to greatly reinforce their social base among Syrian Sunni Muslims. The most influential of these, al-Gharra (the Noble Society), was explicitly founded in 1924 with the goal of fostering an education for Muslim boys and girls thoroughly in tune with religious ethics. Al-Gharra was, at first, key in building several schools where such education could be received.

The Islamic message, for him, was one that embraced all aspects of life. Not only did it obviously have a religious meaning, it also contained teachings which needed to be implemented in the social, economic, educational, cultural and political fields. In each area, from the individual to the public sphere, Islam had something to say which, if properly listened to, would eventually strengthen the Muslim community by giving rise to nizam Islami—a “true” Islamic order. In addition, Hassan al-Banna’s comprehensive view of Islam—and his own personal background as a Sufi converted to the Salafism preached by Abduh and Afghani—meant that he naturally came to embrace both the spirituality of Sufism and the reformist impulse found in Salafism.

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