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By Peter Christoff

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Extra resources for [Article] Policy autism or double-edged dismissiveness? Australia's climate policy under the Howard government

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Both rationales are based on the idea that performance differences among individual employees tend to be small, as in the concept of the “neutral competent” (Betters, 1931). It is hard to test how far these rationales really explain the observed patterns of serviceincremental pay scales in the public services. It is possible that their very survival in so many countries demonstrates their effectiveness, but unlike private firms, there is no market test of competitiveness. Inertia and tradition could be just as good an explanation (Kahn, 1962).

Flexible or quota based rating systems: identifying the outstanding performers Ten years ago the priority was to develop quantifiable indicators. 2. KEY TRENDS IN PERFORMANCE-RELATED PAY IN OECD COUNTRIES managers, that if rewards are tied to one element in employee performance, then over time, employee efforts will be diverted towards it at the expense of other elements. It is often argued that focusing too much on easy-to-measure quantitative targets, for example, will drive out harder to measure qualitative aspects of performance.

It is possible that their very survival in so many countries demonstrates their effectiveness, but unlike private firms, there is no market test of competitiveness. Inertia and tradition could be just as good an explanation (Kahn, 1962). Promotion has severe limitations as a generalised incentive. Even where there is scope for promotion, it may be slow because of the generally stable employment in public services. This has been intensified by a “delayering” of levels of management in many organisations which has reduced previously existing promotion opportunities.

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