Download Approximation Theory: From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets by Ole Christensen PDF

By Ole Christensen

This concisely written booklet offers an effortless advent to a classical region of mathematics—approximation theory—in a manner that clearly ends up in the trendy box of wavelets. The exposition, pushed by means of principles instead of technical information and proofs, demonstrates the dynamic nature of arithmetic and the impression of classical disciplines on many parts of recent arithmetic and functions.

Key beneficial properties and themes:

* Description of wavelets in phrases instead of mathematical symbols

* ordinary advent to approximation utilizing polynomials (Weierstrass’ and Taylor’s theorems)

* creation to limitless sequence, with emphasis on approximation-theoretic aspects

* advent to Fourier analysis

* quite a few classical, illustrative examples and constructions

* dialogue of the function of wavelets in electronic sign processing and knowledge compression, akin to the FBI’s use of wavelets to shop fingerprints

* minimum necessities: uncomplicated calculus

* workouts that could be utilized in undergraduate and graduate classes on limitless sequence and Fourier series

Approximation concept: From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets may be an outstanding textbook or self-study reference for college students and teachers in natural and utilized arithmetic, mathematical physics, and engineering. Readers will locate motivation and heritage fabric pointing towards complicated literature and learn subject matters in natural and utilized harmonic research and comparable areas.

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Extra resources for Approximation Theory: From Taylor Polynomials to Wavelets

Sample text

11 shows us that an = f(n)(o) = {I if n = 0, n! 0 otherwise. 21) shows that L anx n = 1, 'Vx E JR. 00 f(x) = n=O It follows that unless f is a constant function, f does not have a power series representation that holds for all x E III So all we have to do is to exhibit a concrete function f : JR -t JR, which is not constant, but satisfies (i) and (ii). One choice is the function f(x ) = { Ixl ~ 1, e "-l for Ixl > 1. 1. At a first glance, the function does not appear to be differentiable at x = I!

J n=N 00 N = ~xn+N = _x_. 10) converges to the stated limit. 2). 6. 4 Power series We are now ready to connect the infinite series with the approximation theory discussed in Chapter 1. 1 Let I be an interval and f an arbitrarily often differentiable function defined on I. Let Xo E I, and assume that there exists a constant C > 0 such that lin)(x)1 ::; C for all n E N and all x E I. Then f(x) =L 00 f(n)(xo) , n. n=O (x - xo)n for all x E I. 12) converges to f(x) when N -+ 00; thus, the result follows by the definition of an infinite sum.

IN{X) the Nth partial sum of" 2::=0 In{x); it is now a function depending on x. 23) if the functions In have some kind of common structure. In the next chapters we will consider infinite series where the functions In are trigonometric functions or elements from a wavelet system; both types of systems satisfy this requirement. 22), shown on the interval [-5,5]. 1]. Notice the unit on the second axis! 36 2 Infinite Series We emphasize once more that care is needed while working with infinite sums: many of the results we use for finite sums can not be generalized to infinite sums.

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