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E. from the nature of the world. The idea would be that the existence of one state of affairs The Tractatus: Main Themes guaranteed the existence of another, distinct state of affairs, so that the truth of the proposition which represented the first state ofaffairs would, in a corresponding sense, guarantee the truth of the proposition which represented the second. In this case, the ontological necessity is called causal connection or causal necessity, and the method of inference which it justifies is called induction.

24's, 5·53's) · No propositions can represent the logic of language and reality; but meaningful symbolism, of the kinds listed above, shows that logic. 6 A connected account is given of'facts' about the whole of reality and its limits. The important concept is that of being manifest (sich zeigen, literally 'to show itself').

15) Our faculty of reason enables us to infer one truth from another, so extending knowledge. If one proposition permits reasonable inference to another, therefore, the truth of the former must in some way guarantee the truth of the latter. Such a guarantee is expected from reason; it belongs to the definition of the concept. Let us consider, then, how one proposition can guarantee the truth of another. A clear case would be if they are the very same proposition. Suppose the premise of an inference already asserts the conclusion, and perhaps more as well; then it is impossible for the conclusion to be false if the premise is true.

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