By Andrew Bowie
New, thoroughly revised and re-written version. bargains an in depth, yet asccesible account of the important German philosophical culture of pondering paintings and the self. appears at contemporary old examine and modern arguments in philosophy and idea within the humanities, following the trail of German philosophy from Kant, through Fichte and Hölderlin, the early Romantics, Schelling, Hegel, Schleiermacher, to Nietzsche.
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Additional resources for Aesthetics and Subjectivity From Kant to Nietzsche
Kant acknowledges this problem, but does nothing to solve it: I am conscious of myself in general in the synthesis of the multiplicity of representations, therefore in the synthetic original unity of apperception, not as I appear to myself, neither as I am in myself, but only to the extent that I am. This representation is thinking, not intuition. (CPR B p. 157) The I must, then, have some kind of ontological status which is not exhausted by what can be said about it as appearance in ‘inner sense’.
237, A p. 234). What Kant is looking for, then, is an indication of the role of the freedom of rational beings in the system of nature. The purpose of beauty Kant’s attempts to come to terms with the ‘supersensuous substrate’ of the subject’s relationship to the object threaten to invalidate the boundary between law-bound nature and the autonomy of rational beings which was essential to the CPR. However, a philosophy which aspires to grounding our place in the world via the principle of subjectivity clearly must do more than describe the subject’s ability to legislate nature in terms of regularities and to prescribe ethical limitations to itself.
This can happen in two ways. The ﬁrst is when the understanding subsumes the particular intuition under a general category or concept. Kant terms this ‘determinant’ or ‘determining’ judgement. The law exists prior to the individual case and is to be applied to it. It is, though, anything but self-evident how one decides which law is applicable in any empirical case without getting into a regress of laws for the application of laws. Kant tried to address this regress in the CPR via the schema, which creates empirical equivalents of a priori categories: perceivable existence at all times is, for example, the schema of necessity.