• Selections from Medieval Philosophers (Vol. 2)

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    Klima (ed. and trans.), Medieval Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary (Oxford: 2007). • S. Mill defended liberty of expression (in his classic On Liberty), fought for women's rights (The Subjection of Women), and advanced qualitative utilitarianism as a moral philosophy. Accordingly, Duns Scotus and Ockham, in varying degrees, claimed that the rules governing the attribution of Tightness or wrongness to human actions were contingent in relation to the absolute power of God; the consequent contingency of connection between deed and merit has caused some historians to assume that in Augustinian thought one may find the basis of Martin Luther's doctrine of justification by faith alone, as well as a source for the legal aspects of the Hobbesian theory of sovereignty.
  • A History of Philosophy, Volume 3

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    The double truth doctrine maintains that each of these positions is true in its own realm, even though they contradict each other. Original sin increases the resistance of our flesh to our spirit. He does not develop a definite methodology in dealing with them. The first great philosopher was Socrates. He stated that knowledge was power and that knowledge could be obtained only by the inductive method of investigation. O’Neil (New York: Hanover House, 1955-57).
  • Aquinas on the Beginning and End of Human Life

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    How, then, can what is to be going to be in the future? For this reason Chapter Five singles out four episodes in Francis's life that correspond to the four dotes or endowments of the glorified body. For example, they may ask whether philosophical "solutions" are objective, definitive, and say something informative about reality. Philosophy, qua philosophy, depends on proper method in the use of reason in light of self-evident principles.
  • Michael Psellos: Rhetoric and Authorship in Byzantium

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    It also places more emphasis on the sometimes-mystical doctrines of Plato, and less upon the systematic thinking of Aristotle. [6] Much of the work of Aristotle was unknown in the West in this period. Cicero was another man who wrote about philosophy at just about the same time as Lucretius. God can mandate or suspend these as he sees fit. Goris, in Kritik 1998) two works on the soul [1382; 1385] (both ed. We do not do happiness for anything or everything else.
  • The Reputations of Socrates: The Afterlife of a Gadfly

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    Away with all attempts to produce a mottled Christianity of Stoic, Platonic, and dialectic composition! The whole of creation is out of god’s goodness and his love............ evil is the negation or the privation of good... Within spiritual metaphysics, an insistence on spiritual monism (only one spiritual being ultimately exists) is probably the most important consideration that Indian thought upholds, though with numerous variations: Much Buddhist philosophy promotes the idea of the interdependence of everything; theistic Vedanta finds no gap between the world and God (the world is God's body); and Advaita Vedanta insists that everyone's true self is nothing other than Brahman, the Absolute.
  • The Consolation of Philosophy (Oxford World's Classics)

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    W. von Leibniz, were developed in response to problems raised by Cartesian philosophy and the new science. They did not like to get their hands dirty and instead used thought experiments to analyse situations while apparently never seeking to repeat the process in the real world [NOTE]. BESIDE REASON, WE MUST ALSO SET THE RESULTS OF NECESSITY. As a corollary to his giving precedence to Jewish peoplehood over Israeli nationhood, he sees Israel and the Diaspora as "two partners," and he pleads for the building of bridges between them.
  • Dialogue on Natural Philosophy (Dragmaticon Philosophiae)

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    Dyson, Robert W. (ed. and trans.). [1999a] Three Royalist Tracts, 1296– 1302: Antequam essent clerici; Disputatio inter Clericum et Militem; An Enquiry Into The Power Of The Pope. Idealism for these Italians, as it was for Hegel, is a philosophy deeply rooted in history, and claims to Show its superiority to other philosophies in nothing more than in its penetrating study and exposition of history. CTMPT 2) pseudo-Dionysius [late 1240s] (Mystical Theology tr. For many years before Thomas Aquinas was born, men like Ibn Sina and Ibn Rushd in the Abbasid Empire had been reading the Quran, and reading Aristotle, and trying to find ways to get these two important books to agree with each other.
  • The Works of Richard of Campsall, Vol. 1 (Questiones Super

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    In reaction, Pope Urban II expanded "The Truce of God", which outlawed fighting from Sunday to Wednesday, and banned fighting involving priests, monks, women, laborers and merchants on any day of the week. Accordingly, they subsumed the study of the Aristotelian theory of inference under a broader range of forms of argumentation. Against the view of Aquinas that God acts in accordance with his rational nature, Scotus argued that the divine will is prior to the divine intellect and creates, rather than follows, the laws of nature and morality, thus implying a stronger notion of free will than that of Aquinas.
  • An introduction to scholastic philosophy;: Medieval and

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    Ma'at is also viewed in philosophy, perfection of knowledge, morality of t... Consequently, Anselm’s thinking, thus freed from the corrective embodied in the Areopagite’s negative theology, displayed a practically unlimited confidence in the power of human reason to illuminate even the mysteries of Christian faith; he thus frequently approached a kind of rationalism, which did not shrink from the attempt to demonstrate, on compelling rational grounds, that salvation (for example) through God incarnate was philosophically necessary.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

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